The history of blood donation goes far back, with the first transfusions done using poorly understood science and very early research. Richard Lower first examined the science of blood donation with animals. He successfully transfused blood between two dogs with no appreciable ill effects. This day also appreciates the uses for donated blood and medical teams who use blood regularly, honoring donors for their service and determination to save lives and make the world a better place.
The science surrounding blood slowly developed from that point, breaking taboos and moving from animal experimentation. From progress in transfusion technology to Karl Landsteiner discovered the ABO human blood type system to determine donors best, blood transfusions quickly became a staple in health topics and the medical field.
- More than 4.5 million patients need blood transfusions each year in the US and Canada.
- Someone needs blood every 2 seconds.
- Four main red blood cell types: A, B, AB, and O. Each can be positive or negative for the Rh factor. AB is the universal recipient; O negative is the universal donor of red blood cells.
- Blood drives hosted by companies, schools, places of worship, and civic organizations supply roughly half of all blood donations across the US.
- Healthy adults who are at least 17 years old and at least 110 pounds may donate about a pint of blood—the most common form of donation—every 56 days or every two months. Females receive 53 percent of blood transfusions; males receive 47 percent.
- The actual blood donation usually takes about 10 minutes. From the time you sign in to the time you leave, the entire process takes approximately an hour.
- You cannot get AIDS or any other infectious disease by donating blood.
- A patient may have no choice but to pass up a lifesaving organ if compatible blood cannot support the transplant.
- About 1 in 7 people entering a hospital need blood.
- Much of today’s medical care depends on a steady supply of blood from healthy donors.
World Blood Donor Day
World Blood Donor Day aims to raise awareness regarding the need for regular blood donations; these are essential to keep the health industry with a stable supply and celebrate the hard work of medical professionals working in the research and development for new technology.
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